FIRE RISK ASSESSMENT FAQs

Fire Risk Assessment

What premises must have Fire Risk Assessment?

  • Offices and shops
  • Premises that provide care, including care homes and hospitals
  • Community halls, places of worship and other community premises
  • The shared areas of properties several households live in
  • Pubs, clubs and restaurants
  • Schools and sports centres
  • Tents and marquees
  • Hotels and hostels
  • Factories and warehouses
  • Industrial units

Who is responsible for premises fire safety?


The “Responsible Person” is anyone who has control of premises or anyone who has a degree of control over certain areas or systems.

For example:
  • The employer;
  • The managing agent or owner for shared parts of premises or shared fire safety equipment such as fire warning systems or sprinklers;
  • The occupier, such as self-employed people or voluntary organisations if they have any control; or
  • Any other person who has some control over a part of the premises.

What does a fire risk assessment involve?


There are 5 key steps to a fire risk assessment:

Step 1 - Identify fire hazards, e.g. what could burn? What heat sources could ignite it?

Step 2 - Consider the people who may be a risk, e.g. employees, visitors and anyone who may be particularly
                vulnerable such as children, the elderly and disabled people.

Step 3 - Evaluate and act - think about what you have found in steps 1 and 2 and remove and reduce any risks to
                protect people and premises.

Step 4 - Record, plan and train - keep a record of what risks you identified and what actions you have taken to reduce
               or remove them.  Make a clear plan of how to prevent fires and, should a fire start, ensure that people
               will be safe. Make sure your staff know what to do in the event of a fire and if necessary that they are trained
               for their roles

Step 5 - Review - regularly review your risk assessment to ensure it remains up to date and reflects and changes that
               may have occurred.

Will my local Fire Authority help me?


They carry out inspection and enforcement but will not do your Fire Risk Assessment for you.

I have a Fire Certificate. Must I still carry out a Fire Risk Assessment?


Yes - you must still carry out your own Fire Risk Assessment. Fire Certificates are no longer being issued and the need for these has been abolished.